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ingredient science

  • Vitamin A (as beta-carotene)
  • Vitamin B1
  • Vitamin B2
  • Vitamin B3
  • Vitamin B5
  • Vitamin B6
  • Vitamin B12
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin D3
  • Vitamin E (Natural)
  • Vitamin K2 (as MK7)
  • Folate (as MTHA Calcium)
  • D-Biotin
  • Calcium
  • Iron                  
  • Zinc
  • Copper
  • Manganese
  • Selenium
  • Molybdenum
  • Iodine
  • Boron
  • Shatavari
  • French Maritime Pine Bark
  • CoQ10 (as Ubiquinol)
  • Bacopa Monnieri
  • Ginger root
  • Green Tea
  • Lycopene
  • Chromium Picolinate
  • Black Pepper fruit
  • Lutein
  • Ginseng
  • Pomegranate Seeds
  • Grape Polyphenols
  • Olive Leaf
  • Citrus Bioflavonoids
  • Oat Straw
  • Cinnamon Bark
  • Grapevine Leaf
  • Magnesium Citrate
  • Maca
  • Alpha Lipoic Acid
  • L-Arginine
  • L-Citrulline
  • L-Isoleucine
  • L-Valine
  • L-Tyrosine
  • L-Leucine
  • Taurine
  • Glycine
  • L-Arginine Alpha Ketoglutarate
  • DL-Phenylalanine
  • DL-Malate
  • D-Ribose
  • L-Ornithine

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 Triumph side panel 2

 

 

Magnesium

De Souza, M. C., Walker, A. F., Robinson, P. A., & Bolland, K. (2000). A synergistic effect of a daily supplement for 1 month of 200 mg magnesium plus 50 mg vitamin B6 for the relief of anxiety-related premenstrual symptoms: a randomized, double-blind, crossover study. Journal of women's health & gender-based medicine9(2), 131-139

 

Ebrahimi, E., Motlagh, S. K., Nemati, S., & Tavakoli, Z. (2012). Effects of magnesium and vitamin b6 on the severity of premenstrual syndrome symptoms. Journal of caring sciences1(4), 183

 

Facchinetti, F., Borella, P., Sances, G., Fioroni, L., Nappi, R. E., & Genazzani, A. R. (1991). Oral magnesium successfully relieves premenstrual mood changes. Obstetrics and Gynecology78(2), 177-181

 

Facchinetti, F., Sances, G., Borella, P., Genazzani, A. R., & Nappi, G. (1991). Magnesium prophylaxis of menstrual migraine: effects on intracellular magnesium. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain31(5), 298-301

 

Fathizadeh, N., Ebrahimi, E., Valiani, M., Tavakoli, N., & Yar, M. H. (2010). Evaluating the effect of magnesium and magnesium plus vitamin B6 supplement on the severity of premenstrual syndrome. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research15(Suppl1), 401

 

Ghalwa, N. A., Qedra, R., & Wahedy, K. (2014). Impact of calcium and magnesium dietary changes on women pain and discomfort from premenstrual syndrome at the Faculty of Pharmacy-Gaza strip. World J Pharm Pharm Sci3, 981-1005

 

Kia, A. S., Amani, R., & Cheraghian, B. (2015). The association between the risk of premenstrual syndrome and vitamin D, calcium, and magnesium status among university students: a case control study. Health promotion perspectives5(3), 225

 

London, R. S., Bradley, L., & Chiamori, N. Y. (1991). Effect of a nutritional supplement on premenstrual symptomatology in women with premenstrual syndrome: a double-blind longitudinal study. Journal of the American College of Nutrition10(5), 494-499

 

Mauskop, A., Altura, B. T., & Altura, B. M. (2002). Serum ionized magnesium levels and serum ionized calcium/ionized magnesium ratios in women with menstrual migraine. Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain42(4), 242-248

 

Posaci, C., Erten, O., Üren, A., & Acar, B. (1994). Plasma copper, zinc and magnesium levels in patients with premenstrual tension syndrome. Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica73(6), 452-455

 

Quaranta, S., Buscaglia, M. A., Meroni, M. G., Colombo, E., & Cella, S. (2007). Pilot study of the efficacy and safety of a modified-release magnesium 250mg tablet (Sincromag®) for the treatment of premenstrual syndrome. Clinical drug investigation27(1), 51-58

 

Rosenstein, D. L., Elin, R. J., Hosseini, J. M., Grover, G., & Rubinow, D. R. (1994). Magnesium measures across the menstrual cycle in premenstrual syndrome. Biological psychiatry35(8), 557-561

 

Sharma, G., & Tandon, P. (2015). Luteal phase serum calcium and serum magnesium levels in causation of premenstrual syndrome. Int J Basic Appl Physiol4(1), 126

 

Sherwood, R. A., Rocks, B. F., Stewart, A., & Saxton, R. S. (1986). Magnesium and the premenstrual syndrome. Annals of clinical biochemistry23(6), 667-670

 

Stewart, A. (1987). Clinical and biochemical effects of nutritional supplementation on the premenstrual syndrome. The Journal of reproductive medicine32(6), 435-441

 

Walker, A. F., De Souza, M. C., Vickers, M. F., Abeyasekera, S., Collins, M. L., & Trinca, L. A. (1998). Magnesium supplementation alleviates premenstrual symptoms of fluid retention. Journal of Women's health7(9), 1157-1165

 

Calcium

Akhlaghi, F., Hamedi, A., Javadi, Z., & Hosseinipoor, F. (2004). Effects of calcium supplementation on premenstrual syndrome. Razi Journal of Medical Sciences10(37), 669-675

 

Alvir, J. M., & Thys-Jacobs, S. (1991). Premenstrual and menstrual symptom clusters and response to calcium treatment. Psychopharmacology bulletin

 

Bertone-Johnson, E. R., Hankinson, S. E., Bendich, A., Johnson, S. R., Willett, W. C., & Manson, J. E. (2005). Calcium and vitamin D intake and risk of incident premenstrual syndrome. Archives of internal medicine165(11), 1246-1252

 

Ghalwa, N. A., Qedra, R., & Wahedy, K. (2014). Impact of calcium and magnesium dietary changes on women pain and discomfort from premenstrual syndrome at the Faculty of Pharmacy-Gaza strip. World J Pharm Pharm Sci3, 981-1005

 

Ghanbari, Z., Haghollahi, F., Shariat, M., Foroshani, A. R., & Ashrafi, M. (2009). Effects of calcium supplement therapy in women with premenstrual syndrome. Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology48(2), 124-129

 

Kermani, A. Z., Taavoni, S., & Hosseini, A. F. (2010). Effect of combined calcium and vitamin E consumption on premenstrual syndrome. Iran Journal of Nursing23(65), 8-14

 

Kia, A. S., Amani, R., & Cheraghian, B. (2015). The association between the risk of premenstrual syndrome and vitamin D, calcium, and magnesium status among university students: a case control study. Health promotion perspectives5(3), 225

 

Masoumi, S. Z., Ataollahi, M., & Oshvandi, K. (2016). Effect of combined use of calcium and vitamin B6 on premenstrual syndrome symptoms: a randomized clinical trial. Journal of caring sciences5(1), 67

 

Penland, J. G., & Johnson, P. E. (1993). Dietary calcium and manganese effects on menstrual cycle symptoms. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology168(5), 1417-1423

 

Sharma, G., & Tandon, P. (2015). Luteal phase serum calcium and serum magnesium levels in causation of premenstrual syndrome. Int J Basic Appl Physiol4(1), 126

 

Shobeiri, F., Araste, F. E., Ebrahimi, R., Jenabi, E., & Nazari, M. (2017). Effect of calcium on premenstrual syndrome: A double-blind randomized clinical trial. Obstetrics & gynecology science60(1), 100-105

 

Sutariya, S., Talsania, N., Shah, C., & Patel, M. (2011). An interventional study (calcium supplementation & health education) on premenstrual syndrome-effect on premenstrual and menstrual symptoms. Natl J Community Med2, 100-104

 

Thys-Jacobs, S., Ceccarelli, S., Bierman, A., Weisman, H., Cohen, M. A., & Alvir, J. (1989). Calcium supplementation in premenstrual syndrome. Journal of General Internal Medicine4(3), 183-189

 

Thys-Jacobs, S., Starkey, P., Bernstein, D., Tian, J., & Premenstrual Syndrome Study Group. (1998). Calcium carbonate and the premenstrual syndrome: effects on premenstrual and menstrual symptoms. American journal of obstetrics and gynecology179(2), 444-452

 

Iron

Balcı, Y. I., Karabulut, A., Gürses, D., & Çövüt, İ. E. (2012). Prevalence and risk factors of anemia among adolescents in Denizli, Turkey. Iranian journal of pediatrics22(1), 77

 

Beard, J. L. (2000). Iron requirements in adolescent females. The Journal of nutrition130(2), 440S-442S

 

Bruner, A. B., Joffe, A., Duggan, A. K., Casella, J. F., & Brandt, J. (1996). Randomised study of cognitive effects of iron supplementation in non-anaemic iron-deficient adolescent girls. The Lancet348(9033), 992-996

 

Cheong, R. L., Kuizon, M. D., & Tajaon, R. T. (1991). Menstrual blood loss and iron nutrition in Filipino women. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health22(4), 595-604

 

Gür-Özmen, S., & Karahan-Özcan, R. (2016). Iron deficiency anemia is associated with menstrual migraine: A case–control study. Pain Medicine17(3), 596-605

 

Harvey, L. J., Armah, C. N., Dainty, J. R., Foxall, R. J., Lewis, D. J., Langford, N. J., & Fairweather-Tait, S. J. (2005). Impact of menstrual blood loss and diet on iron deficiency among women in the UK. British journal of nutrition94(4), 557-564

 

Looker, A. C., Dallman, P. R., Carroll, M. D., Gunter, E. W., & Johnson, C. L. (1997). Prevalence of iron deficiency in the United States. Jama277(12), 973-976

 

Morey, S. S. (1998). CDC issues guidelines for prevention, detection and treatment of iron deficiency. American family physician58(6), 1475

 

Petranovic, D., Batinac, T., Petranovic, D., Ruzic, A., & Ruzic, T. (2008). Iron deficiency anaemia influences cognitive functions. Medical hypotheses70(1), 70-72

 

Pollitt, E. (1993). Iron deficiency and cognitive function. Annual review of nutrition13(1), 521-537

 

Shamah-Levy, T., Villalpando, S., Mejía-Rodríguez, F., Cuevas-Nasu, L., Gaona-Pineda, E. B., Rangel-Baltazar, E., & Zambrano-Mujica, N. (2015). Prevalence of iron, folate, and vitamin B12 deficiencies in 20 to 49 years old women: Ensanut 2012. salud pública de méxico57, 385-393

 

Sinha, M., Patel, A. H., Naik, S., & Jadeja, J. M. Effect Of Anemia On Premenstrual Syndrome In Adolescent Girls. Society of Basic and Applied Physiology, 104

 

Zinc

Chuong, C. J., & Dawson, E. B. (1994). Zinc and copper levels in premenstrual syndrome. Fertility and sterility62(2), 313-320

 

Eby, G. A. (2007). Zinc treatment prevents dysmenorrhea. Medical Hypotheses69(2), 297-301

 

Fathizadeh, S., Amani, R., Haghighizadeh, M. H., & Hormozi, R. (2016). Comparison of serum zinc concentrations and body antioxidant status between young women with premenstrual syndrome and normal controls: A case-control study. International Journal of Reproductive BioMedicine14(11), 699

 

Kashefi, F., Khajehei, M., Tabatabaeichehr, M., Alavinia, M., & Asili, J. (2014). Comparison of the effect of ginger and zinc sulfate on primary dysmenorrhea: a placebo-controlled randomized trial. Pain Management Nursing15(4), 826-833

 

Javanmardi, M., Momtazpour, M., Shahtalebi, M. A., & Araban, M. (2016). The effects of Zinc Acetate capsule on the intensity of primary dysmenorrhea: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial. The Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility19(25), 1-7

 

Posaci, C., Erten, O., Üren, A., & Acar, B. (1994). Plasma copper, zinc and magnesium levels in patients with premenstrual tension syndrome. Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica73(6), 452-455

 

Sangestani, G., Khatiban, M., Marci, R., & Piva, I. (2015). The positive effects of zinc supplements on the improvement of primary dysmenorrhea and premenstrual symptoms: a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial. Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health3(3), 378-384

 

Siahbazi, S., BehboudiGandevani, S., MoghaddamBanaem, L., & Montazeri, A. (2017). Effect of zinc sulfate supplementation on premenstrual syndrome and healthrelated quality of life: Clinical randomized controlled trial. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research43(5), 887-894

 

Teimoori, B., Ghasemi, M., Hoseini, Z. S. A., & Razavi, M. (2016). The efficacy of zinc administration in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea. Oman medical journal31(2), 107

 

Zekavat, O. R., Karimi, M. Y., Amanat, A., & Alipour, F. (2015). A randomised controlled trial of oral zinc sulphate for primary dysmenorrhoea in adolescent females. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology55(4), 369-373

 

Ginger

Daily, J. W., Zhang, X., Kim, D. S., & Park, S. (2015). Efficacy of ginger for alleviating the symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. Pain Medicine16(12), 2243-2255

 

Jenabi, E. (2013). The effect of ginger for relieving of primary dysmenorrhoea. J Pak Med Assoc63(1), 8-10

 

Kashefi, F., Khajehei, M., Tabatabaeichehr, M., Alavinia, M., & Asili, J. (2014). Comparison of the effect of ginger and zinc sulfate on primary dysmenorrhea: a placebo-controlled randomized trial. Pain Management Nursing15(4), 826-833

 

Khayat, S., Kheirkhah, M., Behboodi Moghadam, Z., Fanaei, H., Kasaeian, A., & Javadimehr, M. (2014). Effect of treatment with ginger on the severity of premenstrual syndrome symptoms. International Scholarly Research Notices2014

 

Mascolo, N., Jain, R., Jain, S. C., & Capasso, F. (1989). Ethnopharmacologic investigation of ginger (Zingiber officinale). Journal of ethnopharmacology27(1-2), 129-140

 

Ozgoli, G., Goli, M., & Moattar, F. (2009). Comparison of effects of ginger, mefenamic acid, and ibuprofen on pain in women with primary dysmenorrhea. The journal of alternative and complementary medicine15(2), 129-132

 

Rahnama, P., Montazeri, A., Huseini, H. F., Kianbakht, S., & Naseri, M. (2012). Effect of Zingiber officinale R. rhizomes (ginger) on pain relief in primary dysmenorrhea: a placebo randomized trial. BMC complementary and alternative medicine12(1), 92

 

Rayati, F., Hajmanouchehri, F., & Najafi, E. (2017). Comparison of anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of Ginger powder and Ibuprofen in postsurgical pain model: A randomized, double-blind, case–control clinical trial. Dental research journal14(1), 1

 

Shirvani, M. A., Motahari-Tabari, N., & Alipour, A. (2015). The effect of mefenamic acid and ginger on pain relief in primary dysmenorrhea: a randomized clinical trial. Archives of gynecology and obstetrics291(6), 1277-1281

 

Vitamin B1

Azadimoghtader, M. (2016). Effect of Vitamine B1 on the intensity primary dysmenorrheal. Preventive Care in Nursing & Midwifery Journal, 6(1), 1-7.

 

Gokhale, L. B. (1996). Curative treatment of primary (spasmodic) dysmenorrhoea. The Indian journal of medical research, 103, 227-231

 

Hosseinlou, A., Alinejad, V., Alinejad, M., & Aghakhani, N. (2014). Effects of fish oil capsules and vitamin B1 tablets on duration and severity of dysmenorrhea in students of high school in Urmia-Iran. Global journal of health science, 6(7), 124

 

Montiel-Ruiz, R. M., González-Trujano, M. E., & Deciga-Campos, M. (2013). Synergistic interactions between the antinociceptive effect of Rhodiola rosea extract and B vitamins in the mouse formalin test. Phytomedicine, 20(14), 1280-1287

 

Nayeban, S., Jafarnejad, F., Nayeban, S., & Sefidgaran, A. (2014). A Comparison of the Effects of Vitamin E and Vitamin B1 on the Severity and Duration of Pain in Primary Dysmenorrhea. Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, 2(2), 143-146

 

Tofighi Niaki, M., Zafari, M., & Aghamohammady, A. (2012). Comparison of the effect of Vitamin B1 and Acupuncture on Treatment of Primary Dysmenorrhea. ISCA J Biological Sci, 1(1), 62-6

 

Zafari, M., Aghamohammady, A., & Tofighi, M. (2011). Comparing the effect of vitamin B1 (vit. B1) and ibuberofen on the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea. Afr J Pharm Pharmacol, 5(7), 874-8

 

Zamani, M., & Soltan, B. F. (2001). Evaluation the treatment effect of vitamin B1 in primary dysmenorrhea

 

Vitamin B6

Abraham, G. E., & Hargrove, J. T. (1981). Effect of vitamin B-6 on premenstrual symptomatology in women with premenstrual tension syndromes: a double blind crossover study. Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey, 36(5), 259-261

 

Adams, P. W., Wynn, V., Rose, D. P., Seed, M., Folkard, J., & Strong, R. (1973). Effect of pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B6) upon depression associated with oral contraception. The Lancet, 301(7809), 897-904

 

Barr, W. (1984). Pyridoxine supplements in the premenstrual syndrome. The Practitioner, 228(1390), 425

 

Brush, M. G., Bennett, T., & Hansen, K. (1988). Pyridoxine in the treatment of premenstrual syndrome: a retrospective survey in 630 patients. The British journal of clinical practice, 42(11), 448-452

 

Brush MG. Vitamin B6 treatment of premenstrual syndrome. In: Leklem JE, Reynolds RD, eds. Clinical and physiological applications of vitamin B6. New York: Liss, 1988: 363-79. (Current topics in nutrition and disease, vol 19)

 

Colin C. Studies on the treatment of mastalgia. Rev Med Brux 1982;3:605-9

 

Day, J. B. (1979). Clinical trials in the premenstrual syndrome. Current Medical Research and Opinion, 6(sup5), 40-45

 

De Souza, M. C., Walker, A. F., Robinson, P. A., & Bolland, K. (2000). A synergistic effect of a daily supplement for 1 month of 200 mg magnesium plus 50 mg vitamin B6 for the relief of anxiety-related premenstrual symptoms: a randomized, double-blind, crossover study. Journal of women's health & gender-based medicine, 9(2), 131-139

 

Diegoli, M. S. C., Da Fonseca, A. M., Diegoli, C. A., & Pinotti, J. A. (1998). A doubleblind trial of four medications to treat severe premenstrual syndrome. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 62(1), 63-67

 

Doll, H., Brown, S., Thurston, A., & Vessey, M. (1989). Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) and the premenstrual syndrome: a randomized crossover trial. The Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, 39(326), 364-368

 

Ebrahimi, E., Motlagh, S. K., Nemati, S., & Tavakoli, Z. (2012). Effects of magnesium and vitamin b6 on the severity of premenstrual syndrome symptoms. Journal of caring sciences, 1(4), 183

 

Fathizadeh, N., Ebrahimi, E., Valiani, M., Tavakoli, N., & Yar, M. H. (2010). Evaluating the effect of magnesium and magnesium plus vitamin B6 supplement on the severity of premenstrual syndrome. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 15(Suppl1), 401

 

Jia-li, C. (2011, December). Clinical observation about 40 cases of primary dysmenorrheal with the treatment of Marvelon & Vitamin B6. In 2011 IEEE International Symposium on IT in Medicine and Education (Vol. 1, pp. 517-519). IEEE

 

Kashanian, M., Mazinani, R., Jalalmanesh, S., & Babayanzad Ahari, S. (2007). Pyridoxine (vitamin B6) therapy for premenstrual syndrome. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 96(1), 43-44

 

Kendall, K. (1985). The effects of vitamin B6 supplementation on premenstrual symptoms

 

Kerr, G. D. (1977). The management of the premenstrual syndrome. Current Medical Research and Opinion, 4(sup4), 29-34

 

Kiani, F., Sayehmiri, K., Sayehmiri, F., Naghdi, N., Ghafari, M., Asadi-Samani, M., & Bahmani, M. (2016). Effects of vitamin B6 on premenstrual syndrome: A systematic review and meta-Analysis. Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 9(3), 1346-1353

 

Lauritzen, C. H., Reuter, H. D., Repges, R., Böhnert, K. J., & Schmidt, U. (1997). Treatment of premenstrual tension syndrome with Vitex agnus castus controlled, double-blind study versus pyridoxine. Phytomedicine, 4(3), 183-189

 

London, R. S., Bradley, L., & Chiamori, N. Y. (1991). Effect of a nutritional supplement on premenstrual symptomatology in women with premenstrual syndrome: a double-blind longitudinal study. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 10(5), 494-499

 

Malmgren, R., Collins, A., & Nilsson, C. G. (1987). Platelet serotonin uptake and effects of vitamin B6-treatment in premenstrual tension. Neuropsychobiology, 18(2), 83-88

 

Masoumi, S. Z., Ataollahi, M., & Oshvandi, K. (2016). Effect of combined use of calcium and vitamin B6 on premenstrual syndrome symptoms: a randomized clinical trial. Journal of caring sciences, 5(1), 67

 

Mattes, J. A., & Martin, D. (1982). Pyridoxine in premenstrual depression. Human nutrition: Applied nutrition

 

Motesharee, E., Rahimi, E., Asadi, N., Jafari, M., & Mehbodi, M. (2013). Effects of Flexibility Exercise and Supplement Vitamin B6 on Primary Dysmenorrhea in Female Non-Athletes. Armaghane danesh, 18(7), 509-519

 

Montiel-Ruiz, R. M., González-Trujano, M. E., & Deciga-Campos, M. (2013). Synergistic interactions between the antinociceptive effect of Rhodiola rosea extract and B vitamins in the mouse formalin test. Phytomedicine, 20(14), 1280-1287

 

Salehi, L., & Salehi, F. (2007). Comparative study of vitamin B6 versus placebo in premenstrual syndrome

 

Shaik, M. M., & Gan, S. H. (2015). Vitamin supplementation as possible prophylactic treatment against migraine with aura and menstrual migraine. BioMed research international, 2015

 

Sharma, P., Kulshreshtha, S., Singh, G. M., & Bhagoliwal, A. (2007). Role of bromocriptine and pyridoxine in premenstrual tension syndrome. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol, 51(4), 368-74

 

Smallwood, J., Ah-Kye, D., & Taylor, I. (1986). Vitamin B6 in the treatment of pre-menstrual mastalgia. The British journal of clinical practice, 40(12), 532

 

Stewart, A. (1987). Clinical and biochemical effects of nutritional supplementation on the premenstrual syndrome. The Journal of reproductive medicine, 32(6), 435-441

 

Stokes, J., & Mendels, J. (1972). Pyridoxine and premenstrual tension. Lancet (London, England), 1(7761), 1177

 

Williams, M. J., Harris, R. I., & Dean, B. C. (1985). Controlled trial of pyridoxine in the premenstrual syndrome. Journal of international medical research, 13(3), 174-179

 

Wyatt, K. M., Dimmock, P. W., Jones, P. W., & O'Brien, P. S. (1999). Efficacy of vitamin B-6 in the treatment of premenstrual syndrome: systematic review. Bmj, 318(7195), 1375-1381.

 

Vitamin B12

Balcı, Y. I., Karabulut, A., Gürses, D., & Çövüt, İ. E. (2012). Prevalence and risk factors of anemia among adolescents in Denizli, Turkey. Iranian journal of pediatrics, 22(1), 77

 

EFSA Panel on Dietetic Products, Nutrition and Allergies (NDA). (2010). Scientific Opinion on the substantiation of health claims related to vitamin B12 and contribution to normal neurological and psychological functions (ID 95, 97, 98, 100, 102, 109), contribution to normal homocysteine metabolism (ID 96, 103, 106), maintenance of normal bone (ID 104), maintenance of normal teeth (ID 104), maintenance of normal hair (ID 104), maintenance of normal skin (ID 104), maintenance of normal nails (ID 104), reduction of tiredness and fatigue (ID 108), and cell division (ID 212 .... EFSA Journal, 8(10), 1756

 

McRae, T. D., & Freedman, M. L. (1989). Why vitamin B 12 deficiency should be managed aggressively. Geriatrics, 44(11)

 

Montiel-Ruiz, R. M., González-Trujano, M. E., & Deciga-Campos, M. (2013). Synergistic interactions between the antinociceptive effect of Rhodiola rosea extract and B vitamins in the mouse formalin test. Phytomedicine, 20(14), 1280-1287

 

Shaik, M. M., & Gan, S. H. (2015). Vitamin supplementation as possible prophylactic treatment against migraine with aura and menstrual migraine. BioMed research international, 2015

 

Shamah-Levy, T., Villalpando, S., Mejía-Rodríguez, F., Cuevas-Nasu, L., Gaona-Pineda, E. B., Rangel-Baltazar, E., & Zambrano-Mujica, N. (2015). Prevalence of iron, folate, and vitamin B12 deficiencies in 20 to 49 years old women: Ensanut 2012. salud pública de méxico, 57, 385-393

 

Wolffenbuttel, B. H., Wouters, H. J., Heiner-Fokkema, M. R., & van der Klauw, M. M. (2019). The many faces of cobalamin (Vitamin B12) deficiency. Mayo Clinic Proceedings: Innovations, Quality & Outcomes, 3(2), 200-214


Folic Acid 


Heidi T. Cueto, Anders H. Riis, Elizabeth E. Hatch, Lauren A. Wise, Kenneth J. Rothman, Henrik T. Sørensen, Ellen M. Mikkelsen, Folic acid supplement use and menstrual cycle characteristics: a cross-sectional study of Danish pregnancy planners, Annals of Epidemiology, Volume 25, Issue 10, 2015, Pages 723-729.e1

Chromium 

Brownley KA, Girdler SS, Stout AL, McLeod MN. Chromium supplementation for menstrual cycle-related mood symptoms. J Diet Suppl. 2013 Dec;10(4):345-56. doi: 10.3109/19390211.2013.830678. PMID: 24237190.

http://www.umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/supplement/chromium

 

Formulated by experts, triumph monthly cycle supplement contains herbs and nutrients that target period symptoms at the source.